The public debt crisis has similarities with that experienced in 1400

The public debt crisis has similarities with that experienced in 1400

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Both the financial problems that many institutions of the country know today and the economic , social and political effects that derive from them are not absolutely new: our ancestors experienced them over six hundred years ago, faced with challenges very similar to those of the current ones. Could we say, using an old expression of the scholar J. Miret i Sans who have always tingut bec les oques …? Yes and no, since it would be an operation of doubtful rigor to simply assimilate phenomena that occurred within a feudal society to what is happening today within the framework of an advanced capitalist society. Anyway, it is still interesting to observe certain similarities with the situation lived around 1400 , especially in the area of ​​Catalan municipalities, where some of the most creative measures to get out of the crisis were adopted.

The escalation of debt
As in the rest of the West, Catalonia closed a long period of growth and expansion at the beginning of the 14th century to make way for a period of deep structural crisis. The demographic ravages of hunger and the Black Death were the most obvious signs of the new situation. So was the upsurge in the war, which spread throughout Europe. In Catalonia , the cost of the war fell largely on the municipalities: to pay for the campaigns of King Pere el Cerimoniós (1336-1387), the urban leaders put together a complex fiscal and financial system, which they governed with great autonomy. In this framework, the most original initiative was undoubtedly the creation of a long-term debt.

In order to quickly obtain the necessary money, the municipalities resorted to new financial products that offered considerable advantages over traditional short-term credit. First of all, the debt titles that the municipalities put into circulation after the 1340s were only redeemable at the request of the issuing entity, which allowed obtaining credit without having to return the capital within a certain period. Secondly, the interest of census and violators (that is how those financial instruments were called) was 7.14% and 14.28% respectively, very far from the 20% to the 30% required in the circuits of short-term credit. Third, prospective clients in this market were given the opportunity to invest in a secure manner: the interest on the debt was paid with the proceeds of municipal taxes and was guaranteed – this is important – with the assets of all and each one of the members of the urban community. Finally, the debt securities were transferable and negotiable, with which an active secondary debt market developed.

The adoption of this credit system by the municipalities was a real financial revolution and its success was spectacular. During the second half of the fourteenth century, municipalities issued debt massively for the most diverse reasons; and its acceptance was such that it translated into a decline in interest rates that, at the end of that century, already oscillated between 3% and 5%.

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The financial collapse of the municipalities
However, at the threshold of the fifteenth century, public debt had peaked. At that time, the service of the debt absorbed a very high percentage of municipal expenses and, no matter how hard their leaders tried, the fall in tax revenues often did not allow them to face the interests. This was manifested in a significant increase in the delinquency of local institutions, with the consequent loss of credibility in the debt market, and the logical difficulty to find buyers of new securities that would have alleviated the situation.

In those years there is also a growing social discontent due to the actions of the financial managers, often accused of negligence or corruption. Let us not forget that the public debt was based on indirect taxes-with them the interest was paid-that affected especially the consumption of basic foodstuffs. Therefore, after each increase of those taxes, there were protests from the population that sometimes turned into real fiscal revolts, like the one that accompanied the assault on the Jewish quarter of Barcelona in 1391.

During the first decades of the fifteenth century, this tense situation led to the bankruptcy of some municipalities such as Cervera, Castelló d’Empúries or Valls. The councilors of these localities stopped paying the creditors, an important part of which were rich citizens of Barcelona or other regional capitals. The reaction of these was immediate and, although they activated all the legal resources at their disposal, they did not recover their investments. Finally, to escape this impasse, there was no choice but to reach a political agreement between the municipal governments and their creditors. Normally, the pact consisted of the acceptance, by the creditors, of a generalized reduction of the interest of the debt, in exchange for their decisive intervention in the economic management of the cities. In this way, many places saw their fiscal and financial autonomy drastically reduced, since most of their income was consigned to the creditors.

An original solution: the first public bank in Europe
Almost all municipalities met similar problems, but some found a way out of bankruptcy. The most interesting case was that of the city of Barcelona. In the face of financial difficulties, its leaders devised an extraordinarily original solution: the creation of a public bank, the first of its kind throughout Western Europe. Thus, on January 20, 1401, the Taula de Canvi opened doors, a bank guaranteed with the wealth of all the inhabitants of Barcelona. The deposits were not remunerated and those responsible for the institution were expressly prohibited from lending to individuals. Therefore, the capital of the Taula could only serve to provide liquidity to the municipal treasury at zero interest and, when possible, to amortize debt.

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However, the management of the finances through this procedure created new problems, since the progressive increase of the municipal debt with the Taula made fear the suspension of payments of this banking institution. To conjure up the danger, the municipal government adopted in 1412 some legal norms that bring us closer to what we know today as public budget, with the objective of containing the expense and of achieving a surplus that would allow to reduce the debt. At the same time, the rulers of the Taula were given the task of controlling budgetary rigor. Similar mechanisms of control and intervention in municipal finances were adopted by other urban governments (Girona or Tarragona, for example), but the creation of new public banks did not take place in the Principality until the 16th century.

Many of the solutions adopted during these crucial years have not yet been valued in their proper measure and some historians have contributed to give a uniquely negative image of the phenomenon of public debt in late medieval Catalonia. But it is worth remembering that public indebtedness contributed decisively to the development of the country’s financial system as well as to the consolidation of political institutions -municipalities and Diputació del General- that would become cornerstones of modern Catalonia until its demise by decree at the beginning of century XVIII. This does not mean that, at the end of the Middle Ages, the lack of control of the public debt did not contribute to aggravate the economic, social and political crisis of Catalonia, which would culminate in the civil war of 1462-1472. In any case, it seems evident that a structural crisis of those characteristics required, perhaps as now, something more than the solution of the financial problems of the institutions that governed the country.




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With Christmas just around the corner, the needs of every family grow. The magical atmosphere is able to create a holiday. In recent years, many people have come to the end of the year. Many families have turned to LeaseCourse in this period of preparation for Christmas and we have managed to find the best solution for their needs.

The Cession of the Fifth is one of the most practical and safe alternatives.

6 reasons to finance your Christmas:

Not just a problem. This year, make the eyes of your girlfriend or wife shine and seal your union. The most classic of the colliers could make these parties in an unrepeatable moment. In fact, a jewel is never just such, but is capable of transmitting unforgettable emotions.

In the most traditional Christmas, the classic Santa Claus can not arrive at your desk a few days late. If you have chosen to stall and wait until you have your children , they will be able to help you. Give happiness by rewarding culture and passion, another great Christmas miracle.

Nothing better than the meaning of Christmas as the family. Who, for necessity or pleasure, Has Been forced to spend far too many holidays away from Their loved ones, can give away a few days of vacation from relatives more distant to recharge the batteries and regain the harmony That only the loved ones can give. Lunches, dinners, physically but close to the heart.

The Christmas holidays also leave room for personal budgets and the usual list of good intentions for the coming year. After years of labor sacrifice, what better time to reward yourself with the long overdue restructuring? Reward yourself and make your home more welcoming with the Necessary interventions to transform it into the perfect setting of the next successes.

Christmas and generosity often as an incredible combination, when it comes to one’s family. It is almost automatic for grandparents to want the best for their grandchildren and as long as possible. A new car for the bride and her husband, a woman with a heart from a family member.

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Finance your Christmas with serenity

The holidays are able to drag in an atmosphere of serenity and benevolence, it is difficult to resist their charm. Those who have children know the priceless feeling of joy who after a long time breathes a sigh of relief can be put aside the worries and enjoy a peaceful Christmas in the family.


Personal Training Account: who finances what?

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The funds of the CPF (Personal Training Account) amount to 32 billion euros per year. “They consist of a single contribution paid by the companies to the Joint Collective Authorized Collector (OPCA) of their professional branch,” says Armelle Brodart, product manager at Talensoft.

Payments vary on the size of the business. Pay with an amount equivalent to 0: 55% of the remuneration paid during the year. Those with ten or more employees pay a contribution to 1% of their payroll. In addition, “adds Armelle Brodart.” In addition, “part of the funds raised is reserved for the Joint Career Securities Fund (FPSPP) in charge of funding the training of job-seekers or low-skilled workers.

A credit of 150 hours

Opened at sixteen, the new device follows its beneficiary throughout his life. “Adds Isabelle Dubose, Director of the Trainees Relationship to the Directorate General of AFPA Training is now attached to the person and not to his situation.”

24 hours per year within a limit of 150 hours for a full-time permanent contract. For part-time employees, their credit is calculated pro rata of hours worked.

In companies with more than 50 employees, an additional 100-hour bonus is automatically granted to an employee who has not received a professional interview within two years and at least two of the following three actions: training, a professional or salary promotion, the acquisition of elements of certification or qualification by the training or the VAE. In addition, “says Armelle Brodart,” the company will pay the OPCA up to 30 euros per hour.

Possible contributions

If the credit accumulated by the CPF holder is insufficient to cover a training in its entirety, several options remain possible. “The company can be supplemented by the company, Opca, Opacif, Agefiph * according to its situation,” confirms Isabelle Dubose. An employee also has the opportunity to personal abide.

As for the job seeker, “says Laurence Dubois, Director of Human Resources, Leonardo da Vinci Group. In order to benefit from a matching contribution, a jobseeker’s curriculum must also correspond to a need for labor or territorial skills. In general, “armor Brodart warns” priority is given to the accounts of jobseekers and people with little or no qualification for matching.

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Ancillary costs

“In the annual envelope for the CPF,” he says 300,000 euros, “says Isabelle Dubose.” Expenses resulting from childcare may also be covered during the course of the training. “Armelle Brodart.” The ancillary costs of employees are borne by the employer in the framework of the company agreement or by the Opca.


“Laurence Dubois says,” The employee is paid by his employer if his training takes place during his working hours. However, the remuneration of staff is provided by the hourly cost of the Smic. As for jobseekers, Armelle Brodart explains: “They continue to receive their unemployment benefits in their course of study.”

Sitting on your hair – hair length in June

Sitting on your hair – hair length in June


My current length is 103 cm measured via SSS. I measured it last in April, 101,5 . I trimmed in May when I did a tutorial for you as seen here.  My ends are very healthy and split end free, thanks to coconut oil, good hair care, gentle combing and the regular trimms. It is just about 4 cm until classic length which was my length goal. I am saying was, because I am not so sure anymore. Lately I felt my hair was overlong. Hah yes we all know it’s overlong ^^ but until now it never felt like that for me πŸ™‚  I will grow it until classic for sure and then decide if I want to cut it ultimately.

I had a lot of comments from people lately, two young girls were just stopping me on the street and started to ask me what kind of shampoo I use and how my hair is so long and healthy πŸ™‚ It was funny and nice but also a little bit strange for me.

My holidays in Barcelona were great, that’s why you have a nice background on my length shot! 4 girls at the hostel were asking me for hair care tips as well, it is always funny when somebody you don’t know starts to talk about your hair and hair in general. The length gets a lot of attention and I don’t know if I really like that.

And I had a funny AHA moment too : I can sit on my hair now :o) You can re-read my tips on how to keep your ends healthy here in case you missed them.
Did you ever experienced that people from outside talk to you about your hair? How do you react? Love and thanks for reading, Louisa πŸ™‚

DIY Shea Butter Conditioning Cream

DIY Shea Butter Conditioning Cream


Fox Shea Butter Conditioning Cream

Sometimes the end of your hair can be too dry to absorb pure oil – you can try to make your own hair cream – leave in for your ends and lengths by customising your recipe with your favourite oils and conditioner. This cc (conditioning cream) has worked miracles for me and is a again a well known recipe from the long-hair-community. It was originally invented by Fox, here you can find the thread and also read about other combinations that have worked well.
Jojoba-oil I used Jojoba-oil because it tends to leave my hair softer for a longer time. Jojoba-oil is actually a wax with a very low heat point – that’s why it stays liquid in room temperature. It has a natural UV filter as well – makes it great for taking along on holidays! You will find Jojoba-oil in pharmacies and health food stores. The darker the golden colour and the stronger nutty the smell – the more unrefined an oil – the better!
Shea butter great for your hair and especially for skin care. It is slightly creamy in room temperature and has a strong scent if unrefined. I prefer to work with refined shea butter because it is more neutral and easier to combine. You can order sheabutter online , my favourite store is behawe. There is also a shea nicoltica version which is a creamier vanilla scented shea butter – it is more pricey and I did not try it out yet , but I have heard many good things about this one too.
Conditioner It should be a conditioner that works well with your hair and is preferably silicone free. Some might be concerned that a small amount of tensid will stay in your hair – I personally have never encountered any negative effects. I have been using this recipe for over two years now.

How to:

– Melt the shea butter in a hot water bath by using a bowl and placing it inside a little pan with hot water  (see the picture hot water bath). Stirr if needed. – add the Jojoba-oil – add the conditioner and stirr until smooth, 
If you want and are making bigger quantities, you can use a kitchen aid to fluff it up and will then get shea-cream a very fluffy mix. Stirr and put in the freezer every couple of minutes until desired consistency. 

hot water bath – how to meld sheabutter and oils in a gentle way

Extra: If you leave the conditioner out you can make your own body butter and add essential oils of your choice πŸ™‚ I have one with lavender and one with japanese mint.  If you do a fragrance free mix you can use it for your face as well by combining a great oil like argan oil and shea butter – for sensitive skin apply on damp skin.


– put into your damp hair after washing – use as a styling aid to help fight fizz – use as a thick pre-wash treatment -protect your ends from daily tear and dryness
Did you ever try out this or a similar recipe? How were your results? Or do you think you can never beat pure oil as a leave in?
 Resulta ng larawan para sa DIY Shea Butter Conditioning Cream

A Hairstyle Lifestyle Blog: Roots and Inspirations

There are probably also some questions:
1. When and why did you start your blog? I believe about one to two years ago. Previously, I ran the blog A-Mermaids-Tale, which was about soap-boiling, natural cosmetics, books, movies, hair and music. A lot of confusion. It was a kind of diary and became personal. I love to read blogs on all possible topics – the main thing I like the writer – then I like the blog. The blog is there because I firmly believe that every beautiful long hair can have – you just have to know how and I help you. Or at least try it πŸ™‚
2. Do you have a role model for your blog? I like the big beauty blogs because they are so well-arranged, but actually there is no role model. πŸ™‚

3. Do you read many blogs? Yes, definitely and for all possible topics. I would rather read blogs than info on a homepage or a cookbook. I can identify with the girls and products and effects are described honestly.

4. Since when have you been more interested in beauty & make-up? Hm well for make-up not so much. I try to learn make-up tips from the beauty blogs, but I really can not get that great out of the girls. Hair care and homemade cosmetics have always interested me.

5. Which product brand has most impressed you and why? Aubrey Organics. Everything is just right – effect, quality, ingredients and ethics.
6. Do you have a favorite lipstick or nail polish color? I have to admit to my shame that I’m wearing only mascara and peach-colored rouge. Frivolous by Chanel & Le Volume by Chanel. I think I could try to buy a Chubby Stick from Clinique – they should be great. As Nagelleackfarben I like Nude and the really dark red Vampy reds dearest.


7. Which kiss-mouth impression do you leave on paper? See Lipstickless
8. Your apartment is on fire and you have time to save 3 beauty products from the flames. Which one would you take?


Source: Uploaded by user via Jackie on Pinterest

My favorite perfume Beyond Paradise by Estee Lauder? My horn comb? Ah the hair jewelry box: p!
9. What else can you do without when shopping: shoes, clothing, chocolate, make-up?

Since I’m actually only wearing Converse, my wardrobe is made of 80% HM and I buy about 1 time a year new make-up – I take the chocolate.
10. lipstick or lip gloss? Lip balm?
11. I never leave the house without …? Key, cellphone & wallet.

Then there is the book TAG:

Sparki tagged me here.
1) Which is your favorite book? Pride & Prejudice by Jane Austen. The alchemist of Paulo Coelho. The Handmaid’s Tale. A Song of Fire & Ice and thousands more.


2) Which is the worst book you have ever read? Well, they have disappeared from my memory again. There were so many.
3) How often do you read? Every day :), always before falling asleep. If I have nothing to do on the weekend and a good book is there all day long.
4) What does your bookmark look like? Bouquet paper with a rose inserted.
5) What is your favorite Changre? I like classic English literature, fantasy and history novels. But actually I read everything, I love to sink into the world of books – only then I forget everything that happens around me and worries me.
6) Would you first read the book or watch the movie? Always the book. The films are getting worse and worse.
7) Which book would you never give back? North & South of Gaskell, it was a gift from my mother.
8) How many books do you have in your bookshelf? About 150. Aeh yes. On the shelf. In the basement. At my parents.
9) Are your books meticulously organized or confused? Confused.
10) How many unread books are stacked with you? 0. Need urgent replenishment.
11) Do you have certain criteria when buying books? How do you choose? Actually not, the plot must be correct, nice berths are great but incidentally.

10 questions DAY

My 10 questions

1. Hand on heart – what is your little nutritional sin?
Biscuits and chocolate. I am a sweet tooth and could only feed myself with organic oatcakes with chocolate. But I’m also a big fruit and salad lover. That makes up for it again.

2nd dog or cat?
Cats! I am still waiting for the day when I have enough time for a cat – my friend loves cats too much – fortunately. In front of dogs I’m scared – except for a few fluffy sweet exceptions like Heike’s Hurly Woelfchen.


3. What is your favorite country / city?
Barcelona – I lived and studied there for about 8 months and I wish I was still there πŸ™‚ My favorite country is Canada, my friend is Canadian and I did some internships there so we could spend more time together.

4. Which magazine do you most like to read?
Shape hm Petra hm Brigitte? But most of all I read blogs – better than any magazine. In some journals are often only contentless texts – that’s a pity.

5. Do you have a weird / embarrassing / annoying habit? Which?
Oh dear. Certainly thousands.

6. Do you like sweet snacks like chocolate or spicy like chips?
Palatable. And sour.
7. What was your favorite subject in elementary school and did you still like it at secondary school?
Art. Later then English and bio.

8. Do you like thrillers?
Why not? The crimson rivers is awesome.

9. Which song do you dislike?
Everything in the direction of HipHop and RnB. My goodness these texts ..

10. If you look at old photos from your 14th year: What beauty and styling tips would you give your former self? Probably none – I’ve never really cared about my styling when I was younger πŸ™‚ Other things I found more and more important.
So now for onward lending: So I never know who already had an award or not, so I’ll just tag all the blogs I like to read. You are addressed πŸ™‚ Also with the TAGs, which are always very nice I think: o) If you join in – leave a Kommi with me, I then link you here. I would be glad. Schmunselhaare? Fairypet? Forti? Heike? Nessa? Mugili? Sushii? Prusse?
Best wishes and a nice sunday! 

Eaduard Watercolour Acrylic Hairsticks

Eaduard Watercolour Acrylic Hairsticks

Resulta ng larawan para sa Eduard Watercolour Acrylic Hair Sticks

My acrylic watercolour hair sticks finally arrived in just two weeks from Oregon made by Ed. The shipping handling and quality of the hair sticks is simply amazing, they are very smooth and shiny and as you can see from the picture above – they are glowing in daylight like a crystal. I was not so sure about the size, but 6 inch is enough for me, depending on how I do my Up-Do. The colours I got are olivine water, emerald water, ruby red water and blue topaz water. The first two sticks are the normal sizes and the last two are pretty chubby sticks that are called oversized in the shop. The emerald green is a very bright flashy colour,  I am very happy with the other three colours that are still glowing but more muted. My favourite is the topaz water – perfect for vacation and holidays. I still have my eyes on a pair of mint water in a smaller size and again a chubby one in peach water. They are very comfortable and finally I have waterproof hair sticks that I can wear while swimming and showering. Here is Ed’s shop, his items are all hand made and he has a huge range of beautiful acrylic colours. Since a picture of red hair and the ruby red was requested – here it is, I think the colours go well together. The second picture has a strange lighting, but a ruby red is still nice for the redheads that are more on the copper side since my tone is an auburn colour.


How to Make Your Own Hairsticks

How to Make Your Own Hairsticks

Resulta ng larawan para sa How to Make Your Own Hair Sticks 
I love Haarstaebe – they are very hair friendly, easy to use and you can tune the colors very nicely to your own hair color and outfit. Time to get creative and to make some of it yourself – it’s very easy and there are no limits to your imagination. The own production is also much cheaper and really a lot of fun. Soon you could make your own beauties, like these and these ones.

You need:

  • Holzhaarstaebe. I order mine   online . Alternatively, you could buy narrow pipe poles in the hardware store, shorten the desired length and then drill a hole with a drill, or, pure grooves.
  • Seconds or 2-component glue
  • Metal pens (available in Bastle / Hobbyladen)
  • Beads, gems and spacers as desired

That is how it goes:

  1. Provide material 2. Make your topper together until you like it 3rd and 4th Carefully apply some glue to the pin, then slowly push the beads upwards 5. Add a small amount of glue to the opening of the hair rod 6. Wait a few seconds and then put both parts together.

    Approximately Allow to dry upright for 1 day. Have fun with your new hair stick!

    I hope you liked this tutorial and you also tinker Haarstaebe once. Looking for a hairstyle? Try the Chameleon Bun – the hair rod I use there I made myself πŸ™‚
     I love to use hairsticks – they are easy to use, very hair friendly and you can match the colors of the hair jewelery very easily to your clothes and outfit. It is very easy and just a few things are necessary. It is an avenue way to create beauties like thesis and thesis.

Resulta ng larawan para sa How to Make Your Own Hair Sticks

You will need:

  • Wooden hair sticks. I am ordering mine online , so you can create your own by buying a wooden piece in a place like canadian tire or OBI and then shortening the woodstick and creating wholes with a drill. Leave them in their natural color or paint them as you desire.
  • Strong glue, can be two component epoxy or simple UHU
  • Metal pins (can be found in craft stores)
  • Your desired beads and spacers


1. Get your material ready 2. Think about your shape and topper, try out until you like a combination 3. + 4. Put glue on your pin and carefully pull the beads up 5. Put a small amount of glue on the inside of your hairstick and wait for a few seconds 6. Put the topper in the hole and let dry in an upright position for a whole day
Enjoy your new hairstick! I hope you liked this tutorial and you are now looking forward to your own hairsticks. For the up-do instructions try out the chameleon bun πŸ™‚ The hairstick I am using there is so selfmade.

Flechtwerk: Sleeping Beauty

Flechtwerk: Sleeping Beauty

Resulta ng larawan para sa night time routine hair 
If your hair is very long or on the way to getting really long you will want to protect it all the time. Sooner or later you will want to find a way to sleep well, comfortable and hair/friendly. I have three options for you that will help your hair staying smooth and untangled.
Get a night time routine! The same as a skin care routine you should develop a nightime routine for your hair. It will safe you lots of time in the morning and protect your hair from damage.
Here you can see my nightime routine:

  • Comb your hair with a hair friendly comb. I use a horn comb with wide teeth.
  • Use a few drops of oil on your hair ends. I love a good hair serum like ilikegreen from Aubrey Organics. You can also use a rich hair butter, recipe here.
  • Then I spray my hair length with a little rose-water leave in. Recipe here. It helps the oil to get absorbed and my natural curls like moisture a lot!
  • Braid your hair to keep it from tangling and knotting at night. Plus you will wake up with nice braid waves.

How to protect your hair at night: Now there are three ways to protect your hair from the friction of your cotton pillow.

  1. Use a silk pillow case. It will help your hair stay smooth and it really nice on your skin as well. use 100% silk if you can. 
  2. Sleep with an english braid.
  3. Use a silk sleep cap. 

I personally either sleep with my hair in an english braid or in a silk cap. It depends if my hair is a little wet from the hair wash before, because I always wash it at night and let it dry overnight. My cap is from honey fig and it is 100% silk in the colour ivory/champagne. It is very roomy & comfy and it only looks slightly silly πŸ™‚ I do braid my hair before I wear it but you can also keep your hair loose if you want. Keep in mind that you should wash silk hair wear as delicate hand wash.


Resulta ng larawan para sa night time routine hair 

You will notice a big difference! If your hair is curly it will love the braid! I personally can not sleep with a bun because I get neck pain and there is always some very uncomfortable pressure on my head no matter what sleeping position I am in. You can order silk pillowcases and sleep caps at honey fig.
They have tons of colour options and the quality is great! I have mine for a few years now and it is still in excellent condition. Get a hot pink one πŸ˜€ or stay with a more natural colour like brown, black or ivory. I got mine from their shop in Toronto during my stay there but they do ship internationally if you ask per e/mail previous to your order. Here you can read my little experience with sleeping caps (sorry only in German!)

Care: 5 Summer Hair Holiday Essentials

Care: 5 Summer Hair Holiday Essentials

Packing up your beauty essentials for a summer trip that involves the beach is really important to protect your hair from all the washing, swimming, salt water and additional UV-Rays. This weeks’s post is a cooperational blog post from Flechtwerk! Today I will give you some tips on how and what you should take along to keep your hair in the best possible condition after you come back happy and tanned from your beach vacation. 



  • Let’s start with a mild cleaning agent. I like to take Aubrey Organic’s Swimmer’s Shampoo with me. It cleans gently and is especially formulated for active lifestyles and regular uses in the gym and after swimming. Plus it smells like almonds and marzipan! <3
  • My hair is extremely dry so I NEED a very heavy strong conditioner for both the preconditioning and after shampooing. While I lived in Barcelona Aubrey Organics White Camelia was a life safer for my hair and the daily trips to the beach. You can take any that works good with your hair and is on the richer side. 
  • Since your hair will be wet or damp you will want to put is up to get it out of the way – you will need waterproof hair jewellery. I like to use a Flexi8 in Mega, but you can also take acrylic sticks! My order from pacific Merchandise did not arrive yet – I can’t wait for my new waterproof hair sticks ^^.
  • Take a waterproof comb as well – no wood please. I like to take my horn comb, which is my favourite.
  • Take or buy coconut oil and slather it on your hair before you will go swimming. For a easy application fill it into a spray bottle and take it to the beach. Any oil can work you will mostly get  everywhere olive oil. Jojobaoil would be my favourite since it has a natural UV-protection.